The 2016 1st Global Summit on Chemical Safety and Security (CHEMSS 2016) with accompanying International Chemical Safety and Security Fair was successfully held in Kielce, the southern Polish city on 18-20 April 2016, focusing on the management measures of chemicals and chemical wastes as well as corresponding regulatory measures and technical means of processing. The first summit attracted nearly 500 representatives from 47 countries and regions from government, non-governmental organizations and safety and security experts. The summit witnessed the presence of various government agencies, industry organizations, enterprises and institutions such as Office of Technical Inspection (Poland), General Inspector of Environmental Protection (Poland), United States Department of State, United States Department of Homeland Security, European Chemical Industry Council (CEFIC), American Chemistry Council (ACC), Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association of the United States (SOCMA), Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry, Polish Chamber of National Defense, China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, China Controlled Chemicals Association, Indian Chemical Council, Chlorine Institute (US), Ammonia Institute (US), Polish-African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ukrainian Chemist Union, CLUSTER for Rescue, Mazovia Cluster ICT, DOW Chemicals, Kobe Steel Group, PZU, Lotos, ABB, PIA-ZAP, Yokogawa, Airliquid Group, Emerson, Flour, JTI, Orlen, Wolff, and Lisam system. China sent a delegation of more than 30 delegates to attend the Summit. Zhang Wei, Vice Director of the Department of Work Safety of China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and Zhao Jungui, Vice President and Secretary-General of China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation, delivered speeches at the opening ceremony of the Summit on behalf of the Chinese delegation and introduced the position and practice of Chinese government and industry associations in the safety, security, supervision and management of chemicals. Their speeches received worldwide recognition.